Understanding Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options for Acute and Chronic Sinusitis

Sinusitis, also known as a sinus infection, is a common condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It occurs when the sinuses, which are air-filled cavities located around the nasal passages, become inflamed and swollen. In this blog, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for both acute and chronic sinusitis, including home remedies, medications, and surgical interventions. Additionally, we will highlight the expertise of Dr. Meenesh Juvekar, a renowned ENT specialist in Chembur and Bombay Hospital, known for providing excellent care for patients with sinusitis.

Causes of Sinusitis:

Sinusitis can be caused by various factors, including:

  • Viral Infections: The common cold or influenza can lead to sinusitis as the viruses infect and inflame the nasal passages and sinuses.
  • Bacterial Infections: Bacterial infections can occur as a result of untreated or prolonged viral sinusitis. Bacteria can multiply in the sinuses and cause persistent inflammation.
  • Allergies: Allergic reactions to environmental allergens, such as pollen, dust mites, or pet dander, can trigger sinusitis in susceptible individuals.
  • Nasal Polyps: Polyps are noncancerous growths in the nasal passages, which can obstruct the sinuses and contribute to chronic sinusitis.

Symptoms of Sinusitis:

The symptoms of sinusitis can vary depending on the type and severity of the infection. Common symptoms include:

  • Facial Pain and Pressure: Individuals with sinusitis often experience pain and pressure around the cheeks, forehead, and eyes. This discomfort may worsen when bending over or lying down.
  • Nasal Congestion: A blocked or stuffy nose is a hallmark symptom of sinusitis. The congestion can make it difficult to breathe through the nose. The nasal blockage may be one or both sides.
  • Discolored Nasal Discharge: Sinusitis may cause thick, yellow or green nasal discharge. This is a sign of infection and inflammation in the sinuses.
  • Headache: Sinus headaches typically occur as a result of the pressure buildup in the sinuses. These headaches can be intense and may worsen with movement or straining.

Treatment Options:

  • Home Remedies: Mild cases of sinusitis can often be managed with home remedies. These include saline nasal irrigation, using a humidifier, staying hydrated, and applying warm compresses to the face.
  • Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers, decongestants and nasal sprays can help alleviate symptoms and reduce inflammation. In some cases, antibiotics may be prescribed if the sinusitis is caused by a bacterial infection.
  • Surgical Intervention: In chronic cases of sinusitis that do not respond to conservative treatments, surgical intervention may be necessary. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) is a common procedure that involves removing obstructions, such as nasal polyps, and improving sinus drainage. This surgery is a very safe and standard procedure in trained hands. There are no cuts or scars on the nose and postoperative pain is very minimal. A CT Scan of the sinuses is usually required to confirm the diagnosis of sinusitis. Even patients who have blocked sinuses before due to allergies benefit from the surgery as it improves the aeration inside the sinuses.

Dr. Meenesh Juvekar: Your Trusted Sinusitis Specialist in Chembur & Bombay Hospital.When seeking help for sinusitis, it is crucial to consult with an experienced and knowledgeable specialist. With his comprehensive understanding of sinusitis and its management, Dr. Juvekar provides personalized care and treatment options tailored to each patient's needs.